ICSE Reduced Syllabus for Class 10 – A Complete Guide for All Subjects
Blog Banner
Blog Banner

ICSE Reduced Syllabus for Class 10 – A Complete Guide for All Subjects

23 September 2021 | Source: Oswaal Books Editorial Board | Join the Discussion

icse class 10th, icse syllabus class 10, icse board class 10, icse board, icse reduced syllabus, icse class 10, icse class 10 maths, icse class 10

Summer is over, and winter is coming, but perspiration is still on for ICSE students as exams are approaching. Before starting the preparation battle, another battle gets fought. What to study? Where to find the syllabus? What are the important ones? How to approach them all and approach them hard?

Well, first, we would suggest that you take a deep breath, and then we’ll walk together through the syllabus of each subject of class 10th ICSE board and find the proper approach to prepare for all of them.

 

English

Paper 1: English Language                           Duration: 2 hours

  • English Language – 80 marks
  • Internal Assessment – 20 marks

Paper 2: English Literature                           Duration: 2 hours

  • Literature in English – 80 marks
  • Internal Assessment – 20 marks

 

Paper 1: English Language

Five questions will be asked, all will be compulsory to attend.

Question 1: A composition to write of 300-350 words from various choices of subjects suggested by language or pictures.

 

Question 2: A letter writing question from the choice of two subjects.

 

Question 3: A situation-based question of a text for notice, and then an email on the same text will be asked to write.

 

Question 4: A prose passage to test your command over the vocabulary and short answer type question will be asked to test your content comprehension capability. At last, a summary will be asked to write of the passage given.

 

Question 5: A number of short-answer questions based on the correct usage of prepositions, verbs and transformation of sentences.

 

Paper 1: Internal Assessment

The schools will prepare and conduct the assessment focusing mainly on your two key skills – Listening & Speaking Skills, each carrying 10 marks. The evaluation will be conducted by the subject teacher in the presence of an external examiner.

    

Paper 2: Literature in English

Five questions from the textbooks will be asked covering these three domains – Drama, Prose (short stories) and Poetry.

Drama & Prose: An extract from a drama or a prose text from the prescribed textbook and a set of questions on it.

Poetry: A poem or a set of poems will be given, and your response will be tested by the set of a few questions.

 

Note: Only the portions of the prescribed syllabus for class 10th will appear in the test.

 

Syllabus for class 10th Paper 2 – Literature in English

        Drama:

  • The Merchant of the Venice by A.W. Verity (Act III, Act IV and Act V only).
  • Treasure Trove – A collection of ICSE Poems and Short Stories (Evergreen Publications).

Poetry:

  • I know why the caged bird sings by Maya Angelou.
  • The Patriot by Robert Browning.
  • Abu Ben Adhem by Leigh Hunt.
  • Nine Gold Medals by David Roth.

Prose:

  • The Little Match Girl by Hans Christen Andersen.
  • The Blue Bead by Norah Burke.
  • My Greatest Olympic Prize by Jesse Owens.
  • All Summer in a Day by Ray Douglas Bradbury.

 

Paper 2: Internal Assessment

The schools will set and conduct the two or three written assignments which will not exceed beyond 1500 words in total. Assignments will be based on the following topics –

  • Character/thematic analysis.
  • Socio-economic, cultural, historical relevance / background.
  • Summary / paraphrase.
  • Appreciation of literary qualities.
  • Identifying with a character. Putting oneself in the place of a character in given circumstances and explaining one’s actions.
  • Imagine alternative outcomes or endings in a literary piece and the effect on all concerned.

The evaluation will be conducted by the subject teacher in the presence of an external examiner giving 10 marks on the assignment.

 

Mathematics

There will be a paper of two and a half-hour duration carrying 80 marks. The rest of the 20 marks will be based on internal assignment.

Key Highlights:

  • The paper is divided into two sections of 40 marks each.
  • Section 1 will consist of short-answer type questions.
  • Section 2 will consist of seven questions out of which you need to attend only four.
  • The paper will cover 7 chapters of ICSE class 10th textbook including Commercial Mathematics, Algebra, Geometry, Mensuration, Trigonometry, Statistics and Probability.

 

Commercial Mathematics:

  • Goods & Services Tax (GST):
    1. Computation of tax – list-price, profit, loss, etc.
    2. SGST & CGST.
    3. Corresponding inverse cases.
  • Banking:
    1. Recurring Deposit Accounts.

 

Algebra:

  • Linear Inequations:
    1. Algebraically solving and writing the solution in a set notation form.
    2. Representing solutions on the number line.
  • Quadratic Equations:
    1. Nature of Roots.
    2. Solving Quadratic Equations by factorization and using a formula.
    3. Solving simple quadratic equation problems.
  • Ratio and proportion:
    1. Proportion, mean proportion, continued proportion.
    2. Componendo, dividendo, alternendo, invertendo properties and their combination.  
  • Factorisation of polynomials:
    1. Factor Theorem.
    2. Reminder Theorem.
    3. Factor by Factor Theorem.
  • Matrices:
    1. Order of the matrix.
    2. Compatibility for addition and multiplication.
    3. Null and identical matrices.
    4. Addition and subtraction of 2x2matrices.
    5. Multiplication of matrices by a non-zero rational number, and a matrix.
  • Arithmetic Progression:
    1. Finding a General Term.
    2. Finding the sum of first ‘n’ terms.
  • Co-ordinate Geometry:
    1. Reflection
    2. Co-ordinates expressed as (x,y), Section formula, midpoint formula, concept of slope, equation of a line, various forms of straight line.

 

Geometry:

  • Similarity, conditions of similar triangles, comparison with congruency, keyword being proportionality, and three conditions applications: SSS, SAS, AA.
  • Circles:
    1. Angle Properties.
    2. Cyclic Properties.
    3. Tangent & Secant Properties.

 

Mensuration:

  • Area and volume of solids – cylinder and cone.
  • Three-dimensional solids: right circular cylinder, right circular cone, total surface and curved surface area and volume, inner and outer volume, melting and recasting method, and combination of solids.

 

Trigonometry:

  • Using Identities to solve/prove simple algebraic trigonometric expressions.
  • Heights and distances: Solving 2-D problems involving angles of elevation and depression using trigonometric tables.

 

Statistics:

  • Basic concepts – Mean, Median, Mode, Histograms, Ogive.
  • Measure of Central Tendency.
  • Mean by any method –
    1. Direct
    2. Short-cut
    3. Step-deviation
  • Graphical Representation. Histograms and Ogive –
    1. Finding the mode from the histograms, the upper quartile, lower quartile, and median etc. from the Ogive.
    2. Calculation of inter Quartile range.

Probability:

  • Random experiments, sample space, events.
  • Definition of probability, simple problems on single events.

 

Internal Assessment

Two assignments prescribed by the teacher from the textbook. The assignment/project work are to be evaluated by the subject teacher in the presence of an external examiner. The internal examiner (subject teacher) and external examiner will assess the assignment independently, each holding 10 marks weightage.

 

Biology

There will be one paper of 80 marks of 2 hours duration and Internal Assessment of 20 marks.

There will be two sections of the paper each carrying 40 marks. Section 1 will contain short answer type questions, and Section 2 will contain six questions out of which you need to attend only four.

 

Basic Biology:

  • Cell Cycle and Cell Division.
  • Structure of Chromosome.
  • Genetics: Mendel’s laws of inheritance.

Plant Physiology:

  • Absorption by roots, imbibition, diffusion, and osmosis, osmosis pressure and root pressure.
  • Turgidity and flaccidity, plasmolysis and de-plasmolysis.
  • Absorption of water and minerals, active and passive transport.
  • The rise of water up to xylem, forces responsible for the ascent of sap.
  • Transpiration, Ganong’s potometer and its limitations.
  • Photosynthesis.

Human Anatomy and Physiology:

  • Circulatory System.
  • Excretory System.
  • Nervous System.
  • Endocrine System.

 

Internal Assessment

Internal Assessment is of a practical work designed to test your observation skills from the specimen of plant and animal life. The practical work will be evaluated by the subject teacher and external examiner. They both will assess the practical work independently and award 10 marks weightage each.

 

Physics

There will be one paper of 80 marks of 2-hour duration and Internal Assessment of 20 marks.

There will be two sections of the paper each carrying 40 marks. Section 1 will contain short-answer type questions, and Section 2 will contain six questions out of which you need to attend only four.

              

Forces, Work, Power and Energy:

  • Turning Forces Concept, moment of a force, forces in equilibrium, and centre of gravity.
  • Uniform Circular Motion.
  • Work, energy power and their relation with force.
  • Different types of energy –
    1. Chemical Energy
    2. Mechanical Energy
    3. Heat Energy
    4. Electrical Energy
    5. Nuclear Energy
    6. Sound Energy
    7. Light Energy
  • Machines and force multipliers, load, effort, mechanical, advantage, velocity ration and efficiency, and pulley systems.
  • Principal of conservation of energy.

 

Light:

  • Refraction of light and its applications.
  • Real and apparent depth of objects in water and apparent bending of sticks in water.
  • Total internal reflection.
  • Lenses, magnifying glass, location of images using ray diagrams and thereby determining magnification.
  • Electromagnetic Spectrum.

 

Sound:

  • Reflection of sound waves and echoes.
  • Natural vibrations, damped vibrations, forced vibrations and resonance.
  • Loudness, pitch and quality of sound.

 

Electricity & Magnetism:

  • Ohm’s Law, the concept of emf, potential difference and resistance.
  • Electrical Power and Energy.
  • Household circuits.
  • Magnetic effect of current, and electromagnetic induction.

 

Heat:

  • Calorimetry.
  • Latent Heat.

 

Modern Physics:

  • Radioactivity and changes in its nucleus, background radiation, and safety precaution.
  • Nuclear Energy.

 

Internal Assessment

The project experiments may be based on the topics that are not included in the syllabus. Teacher may design their own set of experiments, preferably related to the theory syllabus. The practical work will be evaluated by the subject teacher and external examiner. They both will assess the practical work independently and award 10 marks weightage each.

 

Chemistry

There will be one paper of 80 marks of 2-hour duration and Internal Assessment of 20 marks.

There will be two sections of the paper each carrying 40 marks. Section 1 will contain short-answer type questions, and Section 2 will contain six questions out of which you need to attend only four.

              

Periodic properties and variations of properties:

  • Periodic properties and their variations in groups and periods.
  • Periodicity on the basis of atomic number for elements.

 

Chemical Bonding:

  • Electrovalent Bonding.
  • Covalent Bonding.
  • Co-ordinate Bonding.
  • Structures of various compounds.
  • Electron dot structure.
  • Comparison of electrovalent and covalent compounds.

 

Acids, Bases & Salts:

  • Definition of molecules, their classification and characteristic properties.
  • Action of caustic alkalis on aluminium, their oxides and hydroxides.

 

Mole Concept & Stoichiometry:

  • Vapour Density and its relation to relative molecular mass.
  • Deduction of simple and molecular formula.

 

Electrolysis:

  • Electrolytes and non-electrolytes.
  • Substances containing molecules only, ions, and ions and molecules only.
  • Definition and explanation of electrolysis, electrolyte, electrode, anode, cathode, anion, cation, oxidation and reduction.
  • Migration of ions, application of electrolysis, and electroplating.

 

Metallurgy:

  • Occurrence of metal in nature.
  • Extraction of Aluminium.
  • Alloys

 

Study of Compounds:

  • Hydrogen Chloride
  • Ammonia
  • Nitric Acid
  • Sulphuric Acid

 

Organic Chemistry:

  • Introduction to Organic Chemistry
  • Structure and Isomerism
  • Homologous Series
  • Simple Nomenclature
  • Hydrocarbons, alkanes, alkenes, alkynes.

 

Internal Assessment

Candidates will be asked to observe the effect of reagents and/or of heat on substances supplied to them. The exercises will be simple and may include the recognition and identification of certain gases and ions. The practical work will be evaluated by the subject teacher and external examiner. They both will assess the practical work independently and award 10 marks weightage each.

 

History & Civics

There will be one paper of 80 marks of 2-hour duration and Internal Assessment of 20 marks.

There will be two parts of the paper. Part 1 (30 marks) will contain short-answer type questions, and part 2 (50 marks) will contain 2 sections. You need to attend two out of three questions from section A and three out of five questions from section B.      

       

Civics:

  • The Union Legislature (meaning of the federal setup in India)
    1. Lok Sabha
    2. Rajya Sabha
  • The Union Executive
    1. The President
    2. The Vice-President
    3. Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers
  • The Judiciary
    1. The Supreme Court
    2. The High Courts
    3. Subordinate Courts

 

 

History:

  • The Indian National Movement (1857-1917)
    1. The First War of Independence, 1857
    2. Factors leading to the growth of nationalism
    3. First phase of the Indian National Movement
    4. Second phase of the Indian National Movement
  • Mass phase of the National Movement (1915-1947)
    1. Mahatma Gandhi
    2. Forward Bloc and INA
    3. Independence and Partition of India
  • The Contemporary World
    1. The First World War
    2. Rise of Dictatorship
    3. The Second World War
    4. United Nations –
      1. The objectives of UN
      2. Major agencies of the United Nations
    5. Non-Aligned Movement

 

Internal Assessment

Any 1 project/ assignment will be asked related to the syllabus. The assessment will be evaluated by the subject teacher and external examiner. They both will assess the practical work independently and award 10 marks weightage each.

 

Geography

There’ll be one paper of 80 marks of 2-hour duration. The paper will be of two parts. Part 1 will consist of two questions, Question 1 will be based on a Topographical Map of India, Question 2 will be based on an outline Map of India. In Part 2, you have to attend only five questions out of all the given questions.

 

Part 1:

  • Topographical Map:
    1. Locating features.
    2. Definition of contour and contour interval. Identifications of landforms, triangulated height, spot height and benchmark.
    3. Interpretation of colour tints used on a topographical survey of the Indian map.
    4. Identification and definition of types of scale given on the map, measuring direct distance and calculating area using the scale given therein.
    5. Marking directions between different locations, using eight cardinal points.
    6. Identify: Site of prominent villages and/or towns, types of occupation and means of communication with the help of the index given at the bottom of the sheet.
    7. Identification of drainage patterns (Dendritic, Trellis, Radial, and Disappearing) and settlement patterns (Scattered and Compact). Identification of the direction of flow, left bank and right bank of a river.
    8. Identification of natural and man-made features.
    9. Meaning of important terms – Relative height/depth, broken ground, surveyed tree, fireline, causeway, aqueduct and diggi.

 

  • Map of India: Locate, Mark, name the following –
    1. Mountains, Peaks and Plateaus – Himalayas, Aravali, Vindhyas, Satpura, Western and Eastern Ghats, Nilgiris, Mount Kanchenjunga. Deccan Plateau, Chota Nagpur Plateau.
    2. Plains – Gangetic Plains and coastal Plains.
    3. Desert – Thar.
    4. River – Indus, Jhelum, Satluj, Ganga, Yamuna, Kosi, Chambal, Betwa, Brahmaputra, Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Cauveri, Tungabhadra.
    5. Water Bodies – Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Khambhat, Andaman Sea, Chilka Sea.
    6. Pass – Karakoram.
    7. Longitude – Standard Meridian.
    8. Direction of Winds – South West Monsoons.
    9. Distribution of Minerals – Oil, Mumbai High / Coal, Jharia.
    10. Soil Distribution – Alluvial and Black Soil.
    11. Cities.
    12. Population

 

Part 2:

  • Location, Extent and Physical features of India.
  • Climate.
  • Soil Resources –
    1. Types of Soil
    2. Soil Erosion
    3. Soil Conservation
  • Natural Vegetation –
    1. Importance of forests.
    2. Types of vegetations, distribution and corelation with their environment.
    3. Forest conservation.
  • Water Resources –
    1. Sources.
    2. Need for conservation and conservation practices.
    3. Irrigation
  • Mineral and Energy Resources –
    1. Iron core, Manganese and Copper
    2. Conventional Sources
    3. Hydel Power
    4. Non-conventional Sources
  • Agriculture –
    1. Indian Agriculture.
    2. Agricultural Seasons.
    3. Climatic conditions, soil requirements, methods of cultivation, processing and distribution of the corps.
  • Manufacturing Industries –
    1. Agro-based industry
    2. Mineral-based industry
  • Transport – Importance and modes – Roadways, Railways, Waterways, Airways – Advantages and disadvantages.
  • Waste Management –
    1. Need for Waste Management
    2. Methods of safe disposal
    3. Need and methods for reducing, reusing and recycling waste.

 

Internal Assessment

Candidates will be required to prepare a project report on any 1 topic. The topics for assignments may be selected from the textbooks or by the subject teacher based on the context in the book. The assessment will be evaluated by the subject teacher and external examiner. They both will assess the practical work independently and award 10 marks weightage each.

 

Don’t worry, we got it all covered!

We know what you all must be thinking right now, how you are going to cover all these topics and their specifications without missing anything, right. Don’t worry, look at these 3-stages of preparations to clear out your doubts.

  1. What to prepare?
  2. How to prepare?
  3. From where to prepare?

Now, you know ‘what to prepare’. About ‘how to prepare’ we suggest that you give each and every topic and every subject equal attention. You have to focus on the specifications keeping in mind the mode of conduct of the exam in order to maximise your preparation.

Hence, we are left with ‘from where to prepare’. You have to have a preparation guidebook handy so that you centralise your preparation and can effectively target every touchpoint of every chapter and every subject more efficiently and that too in less time.

Now, that’s where Oswaal Bookscomes into the picture. The guidebooks by Oswaal will help you optimise your preparation process and help you cover more syllabus in less time.

Here’s how –

Oswaal Chapterwise MCQ Question Bank will introduce you to the chapters, their topics and their inner specifications. This will be an intro session of yours to the syllabus which will make you familiar with it and will also make you ready for the further process. It’ll help to cover every topic in a short span of time and get a more enhanced look at your syllabus.

Finally, Oswaal Sample Papers will make you all set and ready for the exam paper. Based on the latest pattern, they will enhance your time management skills and will help you revise all that you have learned so far.

Congrats, you are all set to hit the bull’s eye, keep on learning!

Facebook Messenger
Talk to us