17 September 2020 | Source: Oswaal Books Editorial Board

After the directions from Union HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal, the Central Board of Secondary Education has made significant changes in the curriculum for classes 9 to 12. The same changes will be catered for the academic year 2020-21. This decision of syllabus reduction of up to 30% has been taken mindfully considering several reasons related to student’s performance. The primary aim is to organize the learning gaps, frequent health emergencies, etc. 

The rationalization of the syllabus has been implemented to nearly 190 subjects as a one-time measure.

Reduced syllabus for Science and Mathematics: Important topics

One of the most viable concerns is whether there is anything to worry about after the reduction and the clear answer is No! In subjects like Science, chapters from Chemistry including Basic Metallurgy Processes, Nomenclature of Carbon Compounds, Corrosion, etc. have been removed.

Now, students with this subject should focus on topics such as reactions, equations, acidic and basic reactions, etc. Students must be understanding and identifying with these topics diligently by creating notes and revising the same regularly.

As far as Biology is concerned, topics such as control and coordination in living beings, the circulatory system with the nervous system, along with nuclear energy have been removed. Understanding of prevailing sections like reproduction of organisms, the process of photosynthesis with diagrams, and involved process and reactions should be maintained.

For Physics, topics that have been removed are the human eye and the electric generator. Some of the topics still underlined in the syllabus are- Belight-prisms, refraction, reflection with their corresponding diagrams, and basic numerical based questions. It should be taken into consideration that covering these sections is mandatory and could prove to be scoring for every science student.

Besides this, topics including cross multiplication methods, quadratic equations based on situational problems, area and perimeter of a triangle, cone frustum, finding mean by step deviation method, have now been revised in the syllabus. Some of the significant topics in Mathematics are linear equations in two variables; A.P., triangles, trigonometry as a whole; coordinate geometry; areas and volumes of different shapes, and statistics as majorly.

Now, let’s discuss the core of this article- How Can A Student Top in CBSE Class 12 With Reduced Syllabus?

It is quite obvious that your marks depend upon your understanding of the concepts, preparation, revision and, in a nutshell, the entire routine which you are planning to follow before your examination. Undoubtedly, you need to begin your preparations with CBSE and NCERT Books. It is suggested that students should make a list of formulae and theorems in an orderly manner. This will also help in last moment revisions. 

Now, the concern is, how are you going to study the CBSE revised and updated syllabus to achieve your goal? First and foremost, do not panic, just relax and make sure you have plenty of time for preparation. Although, it is going to be easier now since the syllabus is reduced. Chalk out your time-table and schedule your study hours and start preparations.

Follow the new syllabus

At times students don’t realise that a certain chapter is removed from the syllabus and end up wasting time on unnecessary chapters. So, first of all, you need to align your preparation with the new syllabus. Go through the list of chapters that have been removed for every subject and then move on with your plan of action.


Work on a time-table

Try and chalk out a detailed timetable for covering all the topics and chapters subject wise. Then familiarize yourself with a proper routine in which you plan out a detailed study schedule as per your requirement and subject demands. This will help you in concentrating on the important subjects and their topics. The more you revise the subjects the easier it will be for you at the time of exams.


Start with NCERT

As it is primarily considered for question paper making in CBSE. Make sure that you practice from CBSE class 12 question banks and continue solving CBSE Class 12 Sample Papers for every subject and chapter.

After NCERT, refer to comprehensive study material. It is very important, especially in the case of practical subjects like Mathematics, Science, Accountancy, etc., to expose your mind to different types of questions. This will prepare you for any kind of question. You can take the help from dedicated study material like the ones provided by Oswaal Books for CBSE Class 12. Revise the topics, again and again, to get familiarized with them and the related questions.  


Solve as many possible equations

Solve as many possible equations and other numerical based problems from the books for a thorough understanding. You should revise your entire syllabus, for every subject, at least 5 times before examination. The new series of Reduced syllabus question banks from Oswaal Books contains a comprehensive, systematic collated and well-developed summary of chapters to help the students prepare for exams.


Prepare long answers strategically

Long answers can be tough but to crack. To prepare for these answers, you must first understand what the question is, frame an answer which is not too complicated. Strategize in such a way that you give a simple answer, not too generic, according to the concept and precise. Your answer should be broken into several small paragraphs to increase the readability of the examiner and, at the same time, makes your answers presentable. Citing good, related examples can help a lot.


Do not study for long hours continuously

Your mind needs time to absorb everything that you study. So, make sure you give it small breaks every now and then. This will improve the functionality of the brain and also help you prepare in a better way. For instance, take 15 to 20 min breaks after studying for 2 hours. This will help your mind focus and stay alert.

Never try to mug up the answers as you might end up confused while writing answers. Ensure a fine understanding of every concept. It is easier to answer a question when you have completely understood the topic. Try to read from different sources and reference material and then prepare a descriptive answer. For science, your answers need to be to the point and precise. Be elaborate and descriptive where necessary and never try to fill in unnecessary lines on the paper. Many students believe that the more they write, the more marks they can get. However, it is majorly a flop technique. Try to solve the equations and reactions only as per the given formulae. Never try to integrate a solution or a problem.


Revision is a must

While writing your answers in the examination, organize your timing in such a way that you have at least 15 mins to revise your answer sheet and cross-check every question to ensure that you have attempted every question according to the choices offered.



These were some basic tips which can help you score good marks in any examination. The entire objective should be preparing for exams in the best way possible and then giving your best. Practicing the questions with numerical values will enhance your potential and help you in getting top marks in the papers. Do not forget to follow a proper study routine for at least 3 months before the examination. Define study hours and breaks to keep the mind ready.

What can be other tips for CBSE class, 12 students, to score good marks? Share your thoughts in the comment section below! :)



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